The behavior and movement of water in natural and, modified environments. Major components of the, hydrologic cycle, including precipitation,, interception, evaporation, evapotranspiration,, runoff, groundwater. Introduction to river, channel behavior, flood hazard calculation, water, supply issues. Quantification, through, measurements and calculations, of water fluxes, through various pathways, with allusion to, planning applications. Lecture, laboratory, and, one daylong field trip.
Exploration of the geological, biological, chemical, and physical dynamics of the global, oceans, including implications of ocean policy. Topics include geology of the sea floor, coastal, erosion, waves, tides, storm surge, sea-level, rise, ocean circulation, composition of seawater, biogeochemical cycles, and ocean acidity. Weekly laboratory on Friday. Two required daylong field trips, held on Saturday.
Introduction to the earth's climate from a, physical, earth-systems perspective. Prehistoric, and historic fluctuations in the earth's climate,, the current climate system, and projections for, future climate and climate impacts. Topics will, include the radiative balance of the earth's, atmosphere, the greenhouse effect, albedo,, aerosols, clouds, climate feedbacks, ocean, circulation, climate variability including El Nino, and the Pacific decadal oscillation, the carbon, cycle, paleoclimate proxy records, ocean, acidification, and climate models. We will examine, some responses to climate change, including, geoengineering, adaptation, and mitigation. Weekly, laboratory exercises with climate data, observations and models (computer-based), and, physical mechanisms (lab- and field-based)., Lecture and lab.
Introduction to major geological processes that, impact human activity. Emphasis on regional, issues. Plate tectonics, loci of seismic and, volcanic activity, distribution of mountain, ranges, and sediment sources. Floods, landslides,, mudflows, tsunamis. Assessment of anthropogenic, shifts in landscape functioning. Consequences of, standard logging practices, dams, channel, modification. Chronic versus catastrophic, environmentally significant events. Lecture and, laboratory. Weekly laboratory includes two, required daylong field trips, held on weekends.
Recognition and interpretation of spatial patterns, in Earth system science. Firsthand analysis of, current research questions with a strong spatial, component. Familiarization with the background of, the research questions and their broader contexts., Hypothesis development about Earth processes from, remote data (e.g., topographic data, satellite, imagery), articulation of appropriate field tests, for hypotheses. Development of analytical skills, and use of spatial analysis tools, including, geographic information systems software. Lecture, and laboratory.