An advanced, integrative keystone seminar, involving primary research for all senior, Environmental Studies Program majors. Research capstones, (theses or alternative outcomes) are based on, each student's concentration within the major and, include both oral and written components., Students are encouraged to start planning their, capstones through meetings with the instructor, during the previous semester or, preferably, even, earlier. Students should have completed all other, Environmental Studies Program core courses prior to, taking this course.