Organizing and applying appropriate curriculum and, teaching approaches to engage middle-level and, high school students in meaningful learning, experiences responsive to individual differences,, interests, developmental readiness, and cultural, contexts. Attention to research in language arts, curriculum and pedagogy. Candidates continue to, develop as teacher researchers by refining habits, of personal and scholarly reflection that examine, their professional practice. Topics include, backward design in support of planning and, assessment; review and application of curriculum, materials; social and political contexts that, impact curriculum; exploration of the role of, inquiry in language arts; and continued analysis, and application of best practice methodology.