Organizing and applying appropriate curricular, and teaching approaches to engage middle level, and high school students in meaningful learning, experiences responsive to individual differences,, interests, developmental readiness, and cultural, contexts. Attention to research and theory in, science curriculum and pedagogy. Candidates, continue to develop as teacher researchers by, refining habits of personal and scholarly, reflection that examine their professional, practice. Topics include: backward design, in, support of planning and assessment; review and, application of curriculum approaches, materials,, and resources; social and political contexts that, impact curriculum; exploration of the role of, inquiry in science; the importance of scientific, literacy; and the value of math-science, integration.