Organizing and applying appropriate curriculum to, engage middle level and high school students in, meaningful learning experiences responsive to, individual differences, interests, developmental, readiness, learning styles, and cultural contexts., Attention to research and theory on social studies, curriculum and pedagogy. Candidates continue to, develop as teacher researchers by refining habits, of personal and scholarly reflection that examine, their professional practice. A continued emphasis, on backward design in support of planning and, assessment. A variety of social studies lessons, are modeled including: leading discussions, using, primary documents, role playing, visual literacy,, non-linguistic organization, and document-based, questions.