Emergence of modern economic growth in Europe. The, roots of the Industrial Revolution over the very, long term, 1000 to 1750, through the application, of basic economic theory. Causes and consequences, of very long-term economic growth. Specific, attention paid to technology, institutions,, geography, and culture as sources of economic, growth. While the geographic focus is European,, important cross-sectional work, especially with, regard to China, is undertaken.