How and whys of content-learning approaches such, as sheltered English, integrated language, teaching, applications of language experience,, whole language, and cooperative learning for, second-language learners. Provides grounding in, the relationship between first- and, second-language literacy, oral language, proficiency, and culturally responsive reading, comprehension. Explores materials, literacy, teaching approaches, classroom organization,, formal and alternative assessment measures,, technology integration, and the alignment of, curriculum models with English-language, proficiency levels. Participants critically, examine curriculum models, community resources,, and content in relation to student experience.