Social, intellectual, political, and economic, elements of European history, 800 to 1648. Role of, Christianity in the formation of a dominant, culture; feudalism and the development of, conflicts between secular and religious life., Contacts with the non-European world, the, Crusades, minority groups, popular and elite, cultural expressions. Intellectual and cultural, life of the High Middle Ages, secular challenges, of the Renaissance, divisions of European culture, owing to the rise of national monarchies and, religious reformations.